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One immediate consequence of Gibbs free energy being minimized is that we can calculate the
equilibrium concentrations in a chemical reaction from the molar change in Gibbs free energy
of the reaction. The resulting equation is a fraction containing chemical activities raised
to stoichiometric powers is equal to an equilibrium constant that can be calculated from
.
This minimization leads directly to what may be a familiar formula for the
equilibrium concentrations in a chemical reaction, i.e.,

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W. Craig Carter
20020905