General Stress State Rotated from the Principal Axes System

This is a general state, we will rotate about the z-axis and compare the result to a general two-dimensional stress state.

Rotation about z-axis by angle θ

Transformation to general two-dimensional stress state coordinate system by rotating the principal system by θ around z-axis

Writing the same equation in a slightly different way...

Naming the coefficients of the rotated two-dimensional state:

Looking at the x-y components of stress (i.e, the upper-left 2×2 submatrix), notice that there are two invariants of the generalized two-dimensional stress state: The trace and the determinant:

Do not depend on θ; thus illustrating the invariance of these quantities under rotation of coordinate rotations.

Created by Wolfram Mathematica 6.0 (12 September 2007) |